WAR IS PIECE.
FREEDOM IS SLAVERY.
IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.
George Orwell was born in Motihari, India June 25-1903 . Orwell’s spend first half of his life in India. Where his father was stationed, He took up writing in early age reporting his first poem around age of four. After leaving ‘India Imperial force’ Orwell’s struggled to get his writing career of the ground. His first writing success was Down and Out in Paris and London, the books provide a brutal look at lives of the working class. He wrote numerous assignment , essay and reviews over the year. He was not happy with his job at BBC. He called ‘ I was wasting my time and I believe that is present political situation broadcasting of British propaganda of India is hopeless task.‘
The book is set in 1984 in Oceania, one of three perpetually warring totalitarian states (the other two are Eurasia and Eastasia). Oceania is governed by the all-controlling Party, which has brainwashed the population into unthinking obedience to its leader, Big Brother. The Party has created a propagandistic language known as Newspeak, which is designed to limit free thought and promote the Party’s doctrines. Its words include doublethink (belief in contradictory ideas simultaneously), which is reflected in the Party’s slogans: “War is peace,” “Freedom is slavery,” and “Ignorance is strength.” The Party maintains control through the Thought Police and continual surveillance.
The book’s hero, Winston Smith, is a minor party functionary living in a London that is still shattered by a nuclear war that took place not long after World War II. He belongs to the Outer Party, and his job is to rewrite history in the Ministry of Truth, bringing it in line with current political thinking. However, Winston’s longing for truth and decency leads him to secretly rebel against the government. He embarks on a forbidden affair with Julia, a like-minded woman, and they rent a room in a neighbourhood populated by Proles (short for proletariats). Winston also becomes increasingly interested in the Brotherhood, a group of dissenters. Unbeknownst to Winston and Julia, however, they are being watched closely (ubiquitous posters throughout the city warn residents that “Big Brother is watching you.”
When Winston is approached by O’Brien—an official of the Inner Party who appears to be a secret member of the Brotherhood—the trap is set. O’Brien is actually a spy for the Party, on the lookout for “thought-criminals,” and Winston and Julia are eventually caught and sent to the Ministry of Love for a violent reeducation. The ensuing imprisonment, torture, and reeducation of Winston are intended not merely to break him physically or make him submit but to root out his independence and destroy his dignity and humanity. In Room 101, where prisoners are forced into submission by exposure to their worst nightmares, Winston panics as a cage of rats is attached to his head. He yells out for his tormentors to “Do it to Julia!” and states that he does not care what happens to her. With this betrayal, Winston is released. He later encounters Julia, and neither is interested in the other. Instead Winston loves Big Brother.
1984 is way beyond it’s time and I was amazed to know how much this book was brought in every discussion on government media propaganda and there are many books which are inspired by 1984 Such as HUNGER GAME , THE HANDMAIDEN TALE , THE CIRCLE and many more.
1984 follows Winston Smith, a low ranking member of ‘the Party’, who is frustrated by the omnipresent eyes of the party, and its ominous ruler Big Brother.
‘Big Brother’ controls every aspect of in 1984 from past to future there is ‘New Speak’ ‘Double think’ and ‘ ‘Thought Police’ very core of Oceania is ruled by big brother. While going to through evey page every chapter I knew what was coming but I just couldn’t stop my shelf, It changed my view completely. It’s was a warning from Orwell where human race might be heading in future.
Orwell explores the themes of mass media control, government surveillance, totalitarianism and how a dictator can manipulate and control history. And how it can effect us if someone got all the power in his hand when Winston was reading the book Orwell’s state very fact of human history how revaluation and war give us hope and how it’s use by people who have the power.
“Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past.”
The most frightening notion of 1984 is that total control of entire country then totalitarian is perfectly possible. And there are many country which are doing this now. If the world fell under the control of dictator’s, the future and past surely be twisted and we will then see rise of cruel world. Many of our device like Phone Computer contain so much information about ourself which government and many agencies are using to keep an eye on us. This might what Orwell had predicted decades ago.
BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU